Pictures from the history of zipper
|In 1893 an American businessman Judson Whitcomb (1846-1909) has registered two “shoe fastener” investment in U.S. Patent Office: here had the idea of the zipper born. Whitcomb, as a creative mechanical and investor, has registered about 30 investments during his life.||Harry Earl and Lewis Walker joined to Whitcomb and established the Universal Fastener Company in Chicago, later the Automatic Hook and Eye Company in New Jersey.|
The first slide fastener appeared in 1896, made in Pennsylvania to close packages and post office sacks.
The first construction manufactured in standardised production by the Automatic Hook and Eye. It appeared in 1905. The closing parts were hooks on one side, and eyes on the other side, which were put together and took apart by a Y-shaped tensile. The parts were fixed on textile bands to fix them on textile.
|G. Sundback Plako||Hookless|
|When Whitcomb and Earl left the Automatic Hook and Wye, they were replaced by Peter Aronson and Gideon Sundback (both Swedish origin). Sundback’s construction, the Plako worked also with hooks and eyes, but because of its lastingness and easy-handling it became more popular then C-Curity. Production flew after 1908 for many years.||In 1917 Sundback created the “Hookless Hooker”, which worked without hook and eye pairs. Metal tooth were fixed on textile bands. The modern zipper has born.|